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Trip Report

In the footsteps of Genghis Khan

10 days riding around Lake Khövsgöl in northern Mongolia, through steppes and mountains. It was a total immersion in the nomadic and shamanic culture.

by guitxu07765About Me:I am born in a small french village in Brittany, I studied political sciences and international relations in Bordeaux and then lived in Russia for almost 7 years, working in the space sector. My taste for travel and adventure finally got t... read more

AsiaRussia, Mongolia20 days / July 2011

Highs & Lows

A feeling of total escape and absolute freedom

The only language of communication with nomads is Mongolian

Itinerary Overview

We arrived in Ulan-Ude by train after a 5 days journey from Moscow. This train is usually called “Trans-Siberian Railway ” because it literally crosses the South of Siberia but apart from the legend that sticks to its name, the Trans-siberian is a classic long-distance Russian train. We traveled in summer and it was a real pleasure to see the flowery landscapes of Siberia parade through the windows of the train. The train runs day and night with stops lasting between 2 and 25 minutes. During the long stops it is possible to get off the train to get some fresh air, stretch your legs or smoke a cigarette. On the station platform, you will certainly meet local merchants who sell food, chapkas and fur gloves. I do not recommend straying too far from the train because Russian trains always leave on time. In this long rail trip you completely lose the notion of time since you cross no less than 5 time zones. It is also fascinating to observe the changes in the physiognomy of the populations which gradually slides from a European typing to an Asian typing until Ulan-Ude where people look like Mongols. In terms of landscapes, my favorite part was the Irkutsk - Ulan-Ude portion where the train bypasses the gigantic Lake Baikal from the south along its banks. It gives you an incredible view.

  • 7 Nights: Ulan-Ude
    Discover the Buryat culture and visit the eastern coast of Lake Baikal
  • 1 Night: Ulaanbaatar
    Visit the capital of Mongolia and purchase the necessary equipment for the horseback trip
  • 12 Nights: Khuvsgul Lake
    Search for the "Tsaatan" people

Q & A

  • What would you have changed?

    The night in the resort on the eastern shores of Lake Baikal. Also the Ghenghis Khan monument as well as the Terelj National Park near Ulan-Bator were not very interesting.

  • Anything go wrong during the trip?

    Only one time : our mongolian guides cheated us in the sense that they did not lead us to the Tsaatan people, they ate our food, and left us alone one night and one day without warm clothes nor water or food in the mountains. We got angry and in response they finally took the horses and provisions and abandoned us on the banks of Lake Khovsgol, without provisions or means of communication. We finally managed to call for help and get out of the woods. As they came from an important family we still had to pay them to avoid further problems. As everything ended well it was not a bad memory but it could have ended badly, and because of the guides we did not manage to meet the Tsaatan people which was the main purpose of the trip....Read More

  • How was the food?

    In the transsiberian there is always a restaurant car located in the middle of the train (car number 7 or 8) but the food is poor and expensive, so it’s better to take your own. Also each car is equipped with a samovar that provides free boiling water for drinking tea, instant coffee or making Chinese pasta. It is also possible to buy drinks and snacks from the provodnitsa. In Ulan Ude and Ulan Bator the food is substantially the same, consistent and inexpensive, but not very varied or elaborate. In the steppe, the nomads offered us smoked fish, dried cheese, bread spread with mare's milk butter and - as a drink - tea and fermented horse milk called " ayrag ". None of this is strictly speaking delicious but the fatigue and hunger of the trip make these meals very tasty....Read More

  • What tips would you give a friend?

    Bringing food including chinese pastas for the train trip. Checking if there is a shower in the train before buying the ticket. Traveling with a book big enough not to get bored in the 5 day train journey, I recommend Tolstoy's "War and Peace". I also recommend not spending much time in Ulan-Ude and in Ulan-Bator cities, in both cases the most interesting things to do are clearly in the countryside. If you don’t have much time you can even skip Ulan-Ude and buy a direct train ticket from Moscow to Ulan-Bator. Moreover the Bouriat food and culture are very similar to the Mongolian one, so you won’t miss that many things.

  • Packing tips?

    Do not travel with fragile and expensive objects (computer, tablet, large camera, etc.) as they risk breaking or becoming damaged during the horse trek. Take a Mongolian dictionary because the nomads speak neither Russian nor English. For heavy equipment you can wait to be in Ulan-Bator and buy it in the Black Market, it contains a lot of Soviet army surpluses which is practical and of good quality.

  • Transportation Tips?

    For the Trans-Siberian railway you should avoid the 1st class which is far too expensive. Conversely the 3rd class - called “Platzkart” is very cheap but still comfortable. We purchased our ticket on the official Russian railway company website (RZD) only 3 days before departure because the prices are not increasing significantly with time. it cost us less than €100 from Moscow to Ulan Ude (almost 6000km). Before buying your ticket you should check if there is a shower in your train. Once in the train you have to contact the wagon manager called “provodnitsa” and pay around €2 to access the shower.